Plaque is a colorless sticky layer consisting of bacteria and sugars that cause tooth decay, infections and gum disease. When the plaque is removed, this layer can be ceded and hardened, forming a thick, harsh layer called lime.
1What are the reasons for plaque and why is it a health problem?Plaque is formed when the residue of carbohydrate-containing foods (sugars and starches) such as soft drinks, raisins, cakes, and sweets is repeatedly left on the teeth. The bacteria that live in your mouth feed on these residues of acid-forming foods, and over time these acids damage the enamel layer on the surface of the teeth, which in turn leads to tooth decay. Plaque layer can form on the roots of the teeth under the gums, causing gum disease and the associated breakdown or fragmentation of the jawbones.
2How to avoid plaque?
Avoiding plaque avoids the vast majority of dental problems. You can avoid plaque by following:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a soft bristle toothbrush. When brushing your teeth, be careful to clean the area between your teeth and gums. And don't forget to use a fluoride toothpaste.
- Use dental floss at least once a day to remove food particles and bacteria from between the teeth.
- Visit your dentist or oral and dental health professional once every six months to make sure your teeth are clean and safe.
- Consult your doctor on how appropriate the sealant surface protector is for you. A condom is a layer or plastic cover that paints the surfaces of the teeth to protect them from decay.
- Eat balanced meals and try to reduce the snacks you may eat between your main meals. If you need to eat one of these snacks, choose healthy and nutritious meals such as:
- Yoghurt is free of any additives, cheese, fruit or fresh vegetables such as apples as it removes leftovers and food molecules from the mouth and helps saliva in the mouth to equalize acids from plaque and thereby reduce its damage.